Varanasi, also known as Benares, Banaras or Kashi, is an Indian city on the banks of river Ganges in Uttar Pradesh. It is considered the holy city for Hindus, Buddhists and Jains. It is one of the oldest inhabited cities in the world. This historic city is a popular tourist attraction in India and receives not only the pilgrims from India but also its fair share of international tourists who come out here to see this beautiful city and enjoy the rich Indian culture.The name Varanasi originates from the names of two rivers, that are, Varuna and Asi. The Varunariver still flows in this city till date. Legend says that the city was founded by the Hindu god Shiva several thousand years ago, thus making it a most important pilgrimage destination for the people in the country. Varanasi is regarded as one of the seven sacred cities for Hindus and its name has been mentioned in various renowned Hindu scriptures including the Mahabharata and Ramayana.Varanasi is located in the middle Ganges valley of North India. Being located in the Indo-Gangetic Plains of North India, the land is very fertile due to low floods in Ganges that continuously replenish the soil. The city experiences a humid sub-tropical climate with wide variations between summer and winter temperatures. This city is also known for Langra breed of mangoes, Banarasipaan and khoa.
Varanasi is a famous commercial and industrial center of India and is known for its muslin and silk fabrics, perfumes, ivory works and sculptures. The city is well known throughout India for its splendid Banarasi saris, which are regional type of saris made from silk and brocades with gold and silver thread work, which are often used for weddings and special occasions. These saris are also exported to other countries where the delicate handiwork of the local people is greatly appreciated.
Varanasi has its own culture for arts and literature and has been a home to famous writers as Kabir, Ravidas and Tulsidas. The Benares Hindu University is among the top three largest universities in the world. If you ever find yourself in India don’t forget to visit this city rich in history and culture.